Long Term Care
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Long Term Care Information
What is 'long-term care'?
Because of old age, mental or physical illness, or injury, some people find
themselves in need of help with eating, bathing, dressing, toileting or
continence, and/or transferring (e.g., getting out of a chair or out of bed).
These six actions are called Activities of Daily Living–sometimes referred to as
ADLs. In general, if you can’t do two or more of these activities, or if you
have a cognitive impairment, you are said to need “long-term care.”
Long-term care isn’t a very helpful name for this type of situation because, for
one thing, it might not last for a long time. Some people who need ADL services
might need them only for a few months or less.
Many people think that long-term care is provided exclusively in a nursing home.
It can be, but it can also be provided in an adult day care center, an assisted
living facility, or at home.
Assistance with ADLs, called “custodial care,” may be provided in the same place
as (and therefore is sometimes confused with) “skilled care.” Skilled care means
medical, nursing, or rehabilitative services, including help taking medicine,
undergoing testing (e.g. blood pressure), or other similar services. This
distinction is important because generally Medicare and most private health insurance pays
only for skilled care–not custodial care.